We are looking for creating contribution agreements for few new open source projects. IANAL, but hiring a real lawyer is freaking expensive.
The thing is that we, us a company, want to guarantee that all code coming into the project is “clean”. We also want to guarantee our right to change the license in the future (GPL -> BSD, GPL -> Apache, etc.)
Thus far, the best free, as in freedom and in beer, contribution agreement template we have found is Sun Contribution Agreement 1.5 which is available under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 license. It is at least used by high profile Phonegap project (Nitobi as the company) if you don’t count OpenSolaris anymore as open source project.
IANAL, but if I understood correctly, the agreement basically says
- the company can do whatever it wish with your contributions (joint ownership)
- the company is entitled to release your contributions under open source license – perfect for GPL’ed projects. The exact wording is terms. Any contribution we make available under any license will also be made available under a suitable FSF (Free Software Foundation) or OSI (Open Source Initiative) approved license.
Since I couldn’t find the orignal document in editable form (PDF was the best I could get) I made OpenOffice.org ODS document out of it with easily replaceable identification information.
The agreement text pasted below.
YOURPROJECT Contributor Agreement These terms apply to your contribution of materials to the YOURCOMPANY ("us"/"our"), and set out the intellectual property rights you grant to us in the contributed materials. If this contribution is on behalf of a company, the term "you" will also mean the company you identify below. If you agree to be bound by these terms, fill in the information requested below and provide your signature. Read this agreement carefully before signing. 1. The term "contribution" means any source code, object code, patch, tool, sample, graphic, specification, manual, documentation, or any other material posted or submitted by you to the project. 2. With respect to any worldwide copyrights, or copyright applications and registrations, in your contribution: you assign to us joint ownership through this document, and to the extent that such assignment is or becomes invalid, ineffective or unenforceable, through this document you grant to us a perpetual, irrevocable, non-exclusive, worldwide, no-charge, royalty-free, unrestricted license to exercise all rights under those copyrights. This includes, at our option, the right to sublicense these same rights to third parties through multiple levels of sublicensees or other licensing arrangements; you agree that each of us can do all things in relation to your contribution as if each of us were the sole owners, and if one of us makes a derivative work of your contribution, the one who makes the derivative work (or has it made) will be the sole owner of that derivative work; you agree that you will not assert any moral rights in your contribution against us, our licensees or transferees; you agree that we may register a copyright in your contribution and exercise all ownership rights associated with it; and you agree that neither of us has any duty to consult with, obtain the consent of, pay, or give an accounting to the other for any use or distribution of your contribution. 3. With respect to any patents you own, or that you can license without payment to any third party, through this document you grant to us a perpetual, irrevocable, non-exclusive, worldwide, no-charge, royalty-free license to: make, have made, use, sell, offer to sell, import, and otherwise transfer your contribution in whole or in part, alone or in combination with or included in any product, work or materials arising out of the project to which your contribution was submitted, and at our option, to sublicense these same rights to third parties through multiple levels of sublicensees or other licensing arrangements. 4. Except as set out above, you keep all right, title, and interest in your contribution. The rights that you grant to us under these terms are effective on the date you first submitted a contribution to us, even if your submission took place before the date you sign these terms. Any contribution we make available under any license will also be made available under a Free Culture (as defined by http://freedomdefined.org) or Free Software/Open Source licence (as defined and approved by the Free Software Foundation or the Open Source Initiative). 5. With respect to your contribution, you represent that it is an original work and that you can legally grant the rights set out in these terms; it does not to the best of your knowledge violate any third party's copyrights, trademarks, patents, or other intellectual property rights; and you are authorized to sign this contract on behalf of your company (if identified below). 6. The place of performance is the registered seat of YOURCOMPANYNAME YOURCOMPANYADDRESS1 YOURCOMPANYADDRESS2 YOURCOUNTRY YOURCOMPANYBUSINESSID Any disputes concerning this agreement including the issue of its valid conclusion and its pre and past contractual effects are exclusively decided by the competent court in YOURHOMECITY, YOURCOUNTRY or, at our discretion, also by the competent court is whose district you may have your residence, your registered seat, an establishment or assets. If available, please list your YOURPROJECT username(s) for the YOURPROJECT systems. Username(s): __________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Your contact information (Please print clearly) Your name: ____________________________________________________________________ Your company's name (if applicable): __________________________________________ Mailing address: ______________________________________________________________ Telephone, Fax and Email: _____________________________________________________ Your signature: _______________________________________________________________ Date: _________________________________________________________________________ To complete this agreement: email a scanned copy of a signed agreement to fax a signed copy to + .....; or post a signed copy to: YOURCOPMANYNAME YOURCOMPANYADDRESS1 YOURCOMPANYADDRESS2 YOURCOUNTRY This agreement is based on version 1.5 of the Sun Contributor Agreement, which can be found at: http://www.sun.com/software/opensource/contributor_agreement.jsp This document is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0